Meningitis is one of the leading causes of acquired deafness and approximately 8% of survivors will experience some degree of permanent hearing loss1. All children should be offered a hearing test within four weeks of being well enough to test after bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia2.
Is hearing loss from meningitis reversible?
Bacterial meningitis is one of the most frequent cause of acquired HL. Infection spread to the cochlea and intra-cochlear structures is rapid and may occur within hours of the diagnosis of meningitis, leading to a HL that is usually profound and irreversible.
What is the most common organism cause hearing loss in meningitis?
Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) is one of the most common causes of acquired sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), reported to occur in up to 54% of survivors, with the highest incidence among adults with S. pneumoniae meningitis [1‚Äì3].
How does meningitis affect the inner ear?
The effects of meningitis include the loss of hair cells in the inner ear, which leads to mild-to-medium hearing loss. Further physical damage of inner ear structures can result in a profound hearing loss. Meningitis can also leave a person with Tinnitus: a persistent whooshing or ringing-in-the-ears sound.
How common is hearing loss after meningitis Related Questions
Is brain damage from meningitis permanent?
The disease can also occur when certain bacteria invade the meninges directly. Bacterial meningitis can cause stroke, hearing loss, and permanent brain damage.
How long does it take for meningitis to cause brain damage?
Meningitis can cause serious brain damage and even take the life of the patient within hours of the first symptoms. This infection has the ability to affect wide areas of the brain as well as the spinal cord. With a quick diagnosis and early treatment, many people can recover fully.
Can you get a cochlear implant after meningitis?
Cochlear implantation in meningitis patients can be challenging due to the presence of ossification and inaccuracies of pre-operative imaging. Therefore, early and bilateral implantation is recommended in all patients with post-meningitis hearing loss to improve the likelihood of full electrode insertion.
How long does it take to completely heal from meningitis?
In most cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most people who get mild viral meningitis usually recover completely in 7 to 10 days without treatment. Antiviral medicine may help people with meningitis caused by viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza.
How do you treat hearing loss from meningitis?
Diagnosing and treating meningitis quickly, ideally within a day or two of the appearance of symptoms, can greatly lower the risk of hearing loss. In the event hearing loss is severe or permanent, it can be managed with hearing aids, cochlear implants, and ongoing support from hearing specialists and therapists.
How rare is meningitis from ear infection?
Many people carry these bacteria with no serious consequence (pneumococcus, for instance, is the most common cause of ear infections) but a few get very sick (pneumococcus causes meningitis in about 3 per 100,000 people).
What are the signs of hearing loss meningitis?
Hearing loss. Acquired brain injury. Emotional changes. Learning and behavioural changes. Sight problems.
What are the 4 bacteria causing meningitis?
Some causes of bacterial meningitis are more likely to affect certain age groups: Newborns: Group B Streptococcus, S. pneumoniae, L. monocytogenes, E. coli. Babies and young children: S. pneumoniae, N. meningitidis, H. influenzae, group B Streptococcus, M. tuberculosis.
Can adults go deaf from meningitis?
Meningitis can cause sensorineural deafness in a number of ways. The most common cause is the infection spreading in to the cochlea, damaging the hair cells. Another possible cause is inflammation of the auditory nerve. Deafness can range from mild through to profound and can affect one or both ears.
Can you go deaf from meningitis?
Bacterial meningitis is the most common etiology for acquired hearing loss. In addition, 5% to 35% of patients with bacterial meningitis will develop permanent sensorineural hearing loss, and profound bilateral hearing loss will occur in up to 4% of patients.
How do you get meningitis as an adults?
Meningitis is usually caught from people who carry these viruses or bacteria in their nose or throat but are not ill themselves. It can also be caught from someone with meningitis, but this is less common.
What are the odds of surviving meningitis?
Prognosis of meningitis depends on the cause. Untreated bacterial meningitis has a very high death rate. Even with appropriate treatment, the death rate from bacterial meningitis is about 15-20%, with a higher death rate associated with increasing age.
What is the IQ after meningitis?
Survivors of bacterial meningitis are five times more likely to develop mental disorders (IQ <70) than controls (17).
What is the survival rate of brain meningitis?
Even with early diagnosis and adequate treatment, 5% to 10% of patients die, typically within 24 to 48 hours after the onset of symptoms. Bacterial meningitis may result in brain damage, hearing loss or a learning disability in 10% to 20% of survivors.
Is meningitis in the brain treatable?
Some cases of meningitis improve without treatment in a few weeks. Others can cause death and require emergency antibiotic treatment.
Can meningitis brain damage reversed?
With quick treatment, many people with bacterial meningitis don’t have any permanent problems. However, even with prompt treatment, some may battle seizures, brain damage, hearing loss, and disability for the rest of their lives.